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Simple error checking in file output

When writing chars there aren't too many things which can go wrong. The only error which may occur is that the stream's std::streambuf reports an error in overflow(). This adequately tested by your test. That said, successfully buffering characters doesn't mean that writing the buffer will be successful. To test for a successful write you'll also need to test if fout.close() is successful! The implicit close() in the destructor will just swallow any errors.

Note, however, that once the stream went into failure state it would stop doing anything useful until clear() is called on the stream. Put differently, if there is an error while writing to the stream, you'll just end up with an infinite loop. Even with a call to clear() I wouldn't expect that an underlying stream buffer would do anything different, i.e., I would expect it to just fail again. That is, if you really care about these errors you'll need to come up with a better error handling strategy than "try again"!

Categories : C++

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